Topic về Environment (Môi trường) – là một chủ đề thường gặp ở bài thi IELTS, đặc biệt là IELTS Speaking. Mặc dù khá quen thuộc nhưng các thí sinh không khỏi bỡ ngỡ về chủ đề này.

Cùng MS Loan English điểm qua chủ đề này nhé!

Đầu tiên khi đi vào bất kỳ chủ đề gì, chúng mình hãy cùng cập nhật từ vựng IELTS về Environment nhé!


IELTS Speaking topic Enivironment

Grave (= serious, severe) (adj): Nghiêm trọng, trầm trọng

Example: Grave air pollution in Vietnam’s cities and towns, especially Hanoi, continues to cause severe health problems for Vietnam’s growing urban population.

Exhaust fumes (n): Khí thải

Example: Exhaust fumes are extremely dangerous and can seriously injure and even kill people who are exposed.

Air quality (n): Chất lượng không khí

Example: People wearing masks to protect from low air pollution walk at a bus station

Litter (v): Vứt rác, (n): Rác

Example: Don’t drop litter!

Environmentally friendly: Thân thiện với môi trường

Example: Promoting green and environmentally friendly lifestyle will help saving our planet.

Greenhouse effect (n): Hiệu ứng nhà kính

Example: The greenhouse effect is a process that occurs when gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap the Sun’s heat.

Endangered species (n): Loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng

Example: World Wildlife Fund is committed to saving endangered species.

Gloabal warming (n): Sự nóng lên toàn cầu

Example: Global warming is the long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system.

Melting of glaciers: Hiện tượng băng tan

Example: The melting of the glaciers is due to men’s behavior.

Toxic waste (n): Chất thải độc hại

Example: Toxic waste is any unwanted material in all forms that can cause harm (e.g. by being inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin).

Fossil fuels (n): Nhiên liệu hóa thạch

Example: New data shows how fossil fuel companies have driven climate crisis despite industry knowing dangers.

Poaching (n): Săn trộm

Example: Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.

Get back to nature: Trở về với tự nhiên

Example: Many Americans are looking to get back to nature because it’s a healthier lifestyle option.

Chúng mình vừa xem qua các từ vựng thuộc Environment Topic rồi. Tiếp theo, MS loan English sẽ điểm lại một số câu hỏi thường gặp trong chủ đề này nhé!


Plastic water bottles pollution in ocean - MS Loan English


Part 1:

1. Do you think pollution is a big problem nowadays?

Yes, definitely. Air and water pollution are huge issues in the modern world… The air pollution problem is especially grave due to the increasing amount of exhaust fumes, which are produced by cars, and result into a poor air quality.

2. What do you do to prevent our environment from pollution?

A lot of things… First of all, I don’t litterAlso, my family and me try to buy only environmentally friendly goods whenever we can… And finally, I try to save trees… I print on both sides of every sheet of paper I use and use any left over white space to scribble notes.

3. Have you ever participated in any environmental events?

Yes, of course! Last year I participated in an event in my hometown, which was all about preserving nature… We were taught about the greenhouse effect and I learned about many endangered species in the world.

Part 2:

Circular globe surrounded by smoke

Describe an environmental problem or event. You should say:

    • What is it
    • Where is it happening
    • What problems does it cause


I would like to talk about global warmingIn my opinion, it is a big, if not the biggest, problem that we are facing nowadays. The main reason of global warming is the greenhouse effect … Nowadays people are producing excessive amounts of greenhouse gases, mostly by burning fossil fuels. These gases let sunlight in, which warms the Earth, and then block that heat from leaving… That breaks the delicate natural balance and causes our planet to warm… As global warming changes the climate on the whole planet, it affects all countries in the world and causes many serious problems… For example, global warming causes melting of glaciers, which in turn raises the sea-level… Eventually, coastal areas are flooding and agriculture is damaged unless appropriate measures are taken… As it is a worldwide problem, I think that only joint efforts will help us to overcome this issue.

Part 3:

Poor environment in city. environmental disaster

1. In which way do people damage our planet?

Er… In my point of view, we damage the Earth in many ways. Just take a look at all those factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and lakes… People also destroy a great deal of natural areas in search of fossil fuelsNot to mention poaching and endangering of wild animals.

2. Do you think that the environmental situation will improve in the nearest future?

Yes, I would like to believe so… People are getting more and more aware of the major environmental issues that we’re dealing with nowadays… I hope that we will get back to nature and start caring about our planet more.

Trên đây là một số từ vựng và câu hỏi mẫu thuộc Environment Topic mà Ms Loan english đã tập hợp để gửi tới bạn.

Và cuối cùng Ms Loan English chúc bạn ôn thi hiệu quả và đạt kết quả cao nhé!

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